Harvick led 264 laps at Phoenix International Raceway on Sunday to earn an automatic spot next week in the four-man Chase field in the finale at Homestead.
Gordon finished second, but lost his bid for a fifth Sprint Cup championship when Newman knocked Kyle Larson into the wall on the final lap to finish 11th – and a point ahead of Gordon.
Denny Hamlin, the points leader after finishing fifth, and Joey Logano also advanced.
Failing to advance with Gordon were Brad Keselowski, Matt Kenseth and Carl Edwards.
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